“There’s no easy or single answer… using every tool in our toolbox, we are fighting against the onslaught of unwanted calls.”
“I believe I was fired because I opened a case against the president of the United States.”
“I love you, I’ve been shot at work.”
“…the European Commission would react in a swift and adequate manner.”
“Clark County Public Health is continuing its measles outbreak investigation and has identified two new confirmed cases.”
“No V4 meeting in Israel is going to happen.”
Did You Know?
“Presidents Day” Isn’t Even A Federal Holiday
The official federal holiday is:
George Washington’s Birthday
But, “Presidents’ Day”, “President’s Day”, or “Presidents Day” is a state-level holiday in most states
How Did “Washington’s Birthday” Become Known As “Presidents Day”?
In 1968, Congress moved the holiday from Washington’s birthday to the 3rd Monday in February in order to give federal workers a 3-day wknd & spur economic growth.
Ironically, President Washington was quite a shopper.
Click For Shoes
“Mrs. Washington’s slippers and clogs have come safe to hand, the latter, however, are not as she wished to have… and will, by the first convenient opportunity, return the clogs to Mr. Palmer and get a pair of galoshes.”
Facts About The First:
Pres. George Washington
- Presided over the Constitutional Convention, where document was created, signed and ratified.
- Unanimously elected president twice (1789 & 1792).
- His birthday (Feb. 22) was an unofficial holiday celebrated by for many years; not a federal holiday until 80 yrs after his death.
What About Lincoln?
- President Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, but contrary to popular belief, Presidents Day does NOT honor both presidents.
- Presidents Reagan & Harrison were also born in February.
- President Washington & MLK Jr. are the ONLY two Americans whose birthdays are *official* federal holidays.
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#OTD in 1968
The First 9-1-1 Call
You know the number to dial in an emergency, but it wasn’t always that way.
Why we have Haleyville, Alabama to thank for answering the call.
Putting It On the Map
- Safety officials & Congress took 10 years before the FCC & AT&T decided to create a nat’l emergency system.
- Not all citizens used AT&T; Local phone companies had to agree.
- Alabama Telephone Co., mad it was excluded from talks, selected Haleyville, designed & built its system in a week, & made the first 9-1-1 call two weeks before AT&T.
- Simple & easy to remember.
- Dialed quickly in emergency – even on a rotary phone.
- Never previously used as an area code or service code.
- U.K.’s 9-9-9, the first universal emergency number in the world, would be too easy to misdial.
- Canada agreed; adopting America’s 9-1-1 in the 1970s.
9-1-1 in Modern Times
- Text to 9-1-1 not available in most of the U.S.; FCC: system needs to be updated.
- If your cell is charged & can reach a signal, you can call 9-1-1 without a provider contract.
- State laws differ, but calling 9-1-1 in a non-emergency may result in criminal penalties.
- Remember: you pay for 9-1-1 service through provider fees.
By the end of 1976, 9-1-1 emergency system served 17% of the U.S. population. Today, it reaches almost 97% of America. With 80% of those calls from wireless devices, a far cry from the rotary phone used 51 years ago today.
President Trump Declares Border Emergency
“It’s very simple: We want to stop drugs from coming into our country. We want to stop criminals and gangs from coming into our country.”
Declaration: The Basics
- Plan: Take billions of dollars Congress already allocated to different departments (such as military-construction) & “re-assign” it for border security.
- It would add approx. $6B for 200+ miles of border wall *in addition to* the approx. $1.4B (50+ miles) Congress approved.
Some Say He Can:
“This is authority given to the president in law already. It’s not as if he just didn’t get what he wanted so he’s waving a magic wand and taking a bunch of money.”
Some Say He Can’t
“This is plainly a power grab by a disappointed president, who has gone outside the bounds of the law to try to get what he failed to achieve in the constitutional legislative process.”
Past nat’l emergency declarations incl. sanctions and/or $$ for emergency disasters
(natural & man-made) such as:
- President Bush: 2 declarations after 9/11 related to terrorism (continued to this day).
- President Obama: swine flu outbreak 2009.
- President Trump: sanctions “in event” of election interference.
Advocacy groups, landowners, state governments & beyond can legally challenge Pres. Trump's declaration. Federal law doesn’t define an emergency. The President can declare it but Congress can terminate it. Bottom Line: This ain't over folks.
“Thanks Lieutenant Dan.”
“President Trump will sign the government funding bill, and as he has stated before, he will also take other executive action – including a national emergency – to ensure we stop the national security and humanitarian crisis at the border.”
“The one thing that’s predictable about Amazon is that they’re unpredictable.”
“Today is a great day for the Department of Justice… “
“… the President remains in very good health overall.”
The Worst of the Worst
He’s escaped twice before so where will convicted drug lord “El Chapo” Guzmán serve time?
Inside America’s only “Supermax” prison and what life is like for its most notorious felons.
“Alcatraz of the Rockies”
- U.S. Penitentiary Administrative Maximum Facility (Known as “ADX”) in Florence, CO, 90 miles south of Denver.
- City lobbied for the $60M prison, with residents donating the 600 acres needed.
- Highest-security prison in U.S.
- Opened in 1994, designed to be “escape-proof.” To date, no one has ever escaped.
“This place is not designed for humanity. When it’s 23 hours a day in a room with a slit of a window… It’s not designed for rehabilitation. Period. End of story.”
Why Do We Have ADX?
- In 1983, worst criminals went to Marion, IL federal prison, but 2 inmates killed 2 security guards.
- Gov’t was convinced to build a new prison to isolate prisoners.
“No way to control a very small subset of the inmate population who show absolutely no concern for human life.”
Norman Carlson, Fmr. Director of Federal Bureau of Prisons
- Unabomber Ted Kaczynski
- Boston Marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev
- 9/11 conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui
- 1993 World Trade Center bombing mastermind Ramzi Yousef
- OK City bomber Terry Nichols
- Underwear bomber Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab
Life on the Inside
- 400 all-male prisoners.
- Most inmates spend 22-24 hours a day in solitary confinement & go days w/o words spoken to them.
- All meals, bathroom & showers in 7-by-12-foot cell.
- Most cells have TVs with access to books & magazines.
- All visits are non-contact.
- Surrounded by wire fence & armed guards.
- Several prisoners have filed lawsuits against the Bureau of Prisons over ADX conditions.
- Concern is over solitary confinement & what it does to inmates mentally & physically.
- 9/11 conspirator Moussaoui sued, calling it “psychological torture.”
- Per Bureau of Prisons rules, inmates with a “significant mental disorder” aren’t allowed at ADX.
Guzmán (59) was extradited from Mexico on the condition U.S. prosecutors wouldn't seek the death penalty. He was found guilty on all 10 counts, but vows to appeal. He'll be sentenced June 25th & we'll learn where he will serve his life sentence - with no chance of parole.
“Forget conventionalisms; forget what the world will say, whether you are in your place or out of your place; think your best thoughts, speak your best words, do your best works, looking to your own conscience for approval.”
#OTD 199 years ago women's rights activist Susan B. Anthony was born. She dedicated her life to securing the vote for women. Although she died 14 years before the 19th Amendment passed, she was honored years later, becoming the 1st woman to appear on a U.S. coin.
A “National Emergency” At The U.S. Southern Border?
A president can declare a national emergency – EVERY president since 1976 has done so – *BUT* may President Trump do so in order to fund a border wall?
Pres. Trump will reportedly sign the $1.375B gov’t funding bill to avoid another gov’t shutdown *AND* declare a national emergency to obtain more $$ for border security.
Democrats, like House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), & some Republicans, like Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY) have expressed criticism about the Pres’s choice to act unilaterally.
The 1976 National Emergencies Act allows a president to declare an emergency in order to, among other things:
- take property & commodities
- limit travel & prohibit trade
- invoke martial law & send troops
The Act does NOT define “national emergency.” The president must use existing laws to do so.
Presidential Power Limits
- The president must identify an existing law to invoke the emergency power (ex: use the legal definition of an “immigration emergency” to make his case).
- Emergencies expire after one year UNLESS renewed.
- Emergencies can be rescinded any time via a joint resolution passed by both houses of Congress.
BOTTOM LINE: Yes, it is within President Trump's legal authority to declare a national emergency w/o Congress' approval, *HOWEVER* if he does it to build a border wall, he is all but guaranteed to face a legal challenge, which could extend into 2020 campaign season.
“Love, gratitude, compassion, because sometimes every man or every woman will drive their partner crazy.”
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