Now You Know

What Does The Past Teach Us About The Current Immigration Debate?

Our top 3 takeaways from a conversation with librarian and historian at the Statue of Liberty National Monument and Ellis Island, Barry Moreno.

Now You Know

“Illegal Immigration” hasn’t ALWAYS existed.

There was a time in America when “illegal immigration” did not exist.

If you wanted to come to America, you could travel with ease.

After the Civil War, the Federal Government became more powerful and this set the stage for more centralized immigration reform.

 

Now You Know

Immigration: A State Issue

  • Ellis Island opened in 1892
  • First federal facility for immigration in American history.
  • Symbolizes the first major move by federal govt to regulate (and profit from) immigration.
  • Immigration previously managed by individual states and cities. In fact the nation’s first immigration center ever was in NYC – “Castle Gardens.”
Now You Know

Children: Immigration

  • 17-year-old Annie Moore = first immigrant processed at Ellis Island in Jan 1, 1892.
  • Native of Ireland.
  • Traveled with her 2 younger brothers to meet parents in NYC.
  • If parents/child detained at Ellis Island, they stayed with their mother – as long as they were under 16-yrs-old – in the women’s ward.
Now You Know

We asked Mr. Moreno what historical context he feels is often missing from current conversations on immigration - His answer may surprise you! Read More:

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Quick Quotes

“It’s been almost 100 years since anybody has reorganized the government on this scale.”

During the same cabinet meeting, Office of Mgmt & Budget Dir. Mick Mulvaney unveiled plans to merge the Labor & Education departments as part of a broader reorganization of the Fed Govt. The move would be subject to congressional approval.
Quick Quotes

“I’m directing HHS, DHS, DOJ to work together to keep illegal immigrant families together during the immigration process and reunite these previously separated groups.”

Pres. Trump in a cabinet meeting directing federal agencies to reunite immigrant families separated by his administration’s “zero tolerance” policy. 2,342 children have been separated from their parents between May 5 - June 9. 
Quick Quotes

“…a game changer for the experience. You can literally go from curb to plane without having to interact with a human being if you so desire.”

Gareth Joyce, Delta SVP of Customer Service, as Orlando International, Florida’s busiest airport, becomes the 1st in the nation to require a face scan of passengers arriving & departing on intl flights, including U.S. citizens. Other major US airports may use face scans, but not for all international flights.
Quick Quotes

“He has to see the head of state. Putting his foot on the ground of British soil, it’s job one.”

US Ambassador to the UK Robert Wood Johnson, announcing Pres Trump will meet Queen Elizabeth next month when he visits Britain. Bloomberg News is reporting Pres. Trump may also visit with Russian President Vladimir Putin next month after his trip to the UK.
Quick Quotes

“Legit bawling like a baby right now. This news just breaks my heart.”

Jess Cameron's Facebook post on Gorilla Foundation's page on the death of Koko The Gorilla. Koko captivated the world with her ability to use sign language & revealed an empathetic side to great apes. She passed away in her sleep at age 46. Koko was believed to have had an IQ of 75-95 & could sign more than 1,000 words.
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Quick Quotes
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Current Events

ECONOMIC SWAGGER

A revved up U.S. economy has given President Trump the ammo he needs to pull no punches on trade.

What to know as China & Europe prepare to hit back.

Current Events

Where Things Stand Now

  • US will slap a 25% tariff (or tax) on $50B in imports from China.
  • China hinted at retaliation, but Trump threatened even more tariffs, up to 90% of all Chinese goods imported to US ($450B).
  • US says it has no choice after failed negotiations to alter China’s “unfair practices.”
  • Tariffs make US-made goods cheaper vs. imports.

 

Current Events

“China does have much more to lose than we do.”
Peter Navarro, Trump trade adviser

  • With Trump’s latest threat of $450B in tariffs, China can now no longer issue a proportional response.
  • US buys nearly 4 times as much from China as it sells to us. (Translation: China needs the US.)
  • That said, China’s $13T economy, can turn to other countries to sell its goods.
Current Events

“Mr. Trump seems to be counting on the fact that China will soon run out of room to retaliate… This could prove to be a miscalculation.”

Eswar Prasad, Cornell University trade expert & Brookings Sr. Fellow on China's other options for retaliation like disrupting American businesses' sales operations & supply chains in China.
Current Events

And It’s Not Just China…

  • US businesses have to pay a 25% tax on steel or 10% tax on aluminum when they import them from the EU, Mexico & Canada.
  • In retaliation, the EU is set Friday to slap tariffs on $3.4B in American products (i.e. whiskey, motorcycles, peanuts & cranberries.)
Current Events

The US economy is on track to expand at the fastest rate in more than a decade, but fears of a trade war have sent stocks to the longest losing streak in 15 months. If stocks end lower Friday, it will be worst 9-day streak since 1978. Goldman Sachs says buckle up.

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Health

Want To Stay Healthy?

Put a ring on it.

New study says marriage may factor into your heart health.

Health

What To Know

  • 80% of heart disease risk is “baked in” – genetics, diet, age.
  • Half of all Americans have a risk for heart disease.
  • 20% heart disease = a mystery.
  • Study examined marriage as a factor by looking at data from previous studies.
  • Data: married people have less heart disease than others.
Health

Why Marriage?

Results same for married vs single, divorced OR widowed.

  • Security: Married people may seek medical help sooner (they have someone around to nag them to go to the doctors OR to see changes in behavior).
  • Economic: Couples may have better joint income & therefore, better healthcare.
Health

Researchers say this topic needs more research. They admit they did not focus on the quality of marriage or long term relationships either. BTW - Marriage rates have declined in America, but Tiffany's sales of engagement rings are UP. Check it out:

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From The President’s Desk

Executive Order
“Keep Families Together”

The President takes action on immigration as lawmakers struggle to find compromise. But even as Pres. Trump signed the order, he predicted a legal battle ahead – a similar battle confronted by the Obama Admin.

From The President’s Desk

What We Know:

  • Trump’s exec order will not change “zero tolerance” policy – govt will charge all who cross the border illegally.
  • However, it ends separations by keeping families together in detention centers, run with the help of Dept of Defense.
  • It does leave room to separate children from family, but only if it’s in the child’s best interests.
From The President’s Desk

Legal Trouble Ahead?

  •  A 1997 court order & related decisions said immigrants under 18 cannot be detained for longer than 20 days.
  • Trump’s executive order is written ordering AG Sessions to go before a federal judge to “modify” this agreement to allow more time for “criminal proceedings.”
  • TBD what L.A.-based Federal Judge Dolly Gee will rule.
From The President’s Desk

Past As Precedent?

“A federal judge, Dolly M. Gee, scuttled the Obama team’s efforts to jail families together in 2015 when she ruled that doing so violated the agreement and said migrant children couldn’t be held more than 20 days.”

WSJ. Trump admin will face same legal issue as Obama admin, and same judge. Children held now an ave of 40-50 days before placed w/sponsor family..
From The President's Desk

The President's Executive Order doesn’t change the status of children already separated. That’s TBD.

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Current Events

BIG PICTURE

More than 2300 children have been separated from adults who illegally crossed the border.

What do we know about these children? Who are they? And who has come before?

Current Events

“As children are separated from their families, law enforcement agents reclassify them from members of family units to “unaccompanied alien children.” Federal officials said Tuesday that since May, they have separated 2,342 children from their families, rendering them unaccompanied minors in the government’s care.”

Garance Burke and Martha Mendoza, Associated Press, June 19, 2018
Current Events

Where Are They From?

  • Most current data: Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras & El Salvador (in this order).
  • Majority of families apprehended crossing the border illegally this year are from Guatemala & Honduras.
  • Last year, the majority of unaccompanied children from: Guatemala, El Salvador & Mexico.
Current Events

Something To Consider

  • Some of the data between U.S. Border Patrol & Office of Refugee Resettlement differs.
  • U.S. Border Patrol deals with apprehensions, Office of Refugee Resettlement cares for children *when they stay in govt custody*.
  • Unaccompanied children = anyone younger than 18.
Current Events

Age & Gender

  • Most recent data from 2017 for children unaccompanied *or* separated who stayed in govt custody.
  • Majority over the age of 15 (69%).
  • 68% Male vs. 32% Female.
  • This doesn’t reflect current data on “separated children” but these trends hold for the past 5 years.
Current Events

How Many “Unaccompanied Alien Children” Have Come?

  • More than 32,000 so far this year (Oct 2017 – May 2018).
  • 2017: 40,631
  • 2016: 58,819
  • 2015: 39,399
Click: Process for UAC 2014
Current Events

Fingerpointing vs. Facts. We used the only available government data for these cards. Read more for an interesting look at which states have the most sponsor families for these children.

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Now You Know

GOING TO POT?

Canada becomes the 2nd nation in the world to legalize marijuana – will the U.S. follow suit?

New signs suggest the existing U.S. federal ban against marijuana could become a ban against the federal gov’t interfering in states where it’s legal.

Now You Know

The (many) marijuana laws of the land:

  • In 1996, CA became 1st state to legalize medical marijuana.
  • In 1998, medical marijuana was legal in 5 states. By 2008, that number nearly tripled. Today, it is legal in 29 states + DC.
  • In 2012, Colorado & Washington became 1st states to legalize recreational marijuanaToday, it is legal in 9 states + DC.
Now You Know

Marijuana: State vs. Feds

Marijuana is illegal under federal law. But, as more states began to legalize it within their borders, the federal gov’t shifted its focus away from prosecuting *most* marijuana-related crimes in situations where there is compliance with state laws.

Instead, opting to focus on “serious drug traffickers while taking into account state and local laws.”

Now You Know

Policy Change?

  • January 2018: Atty General Jeff Sessions rescinded Obama-era policies that eased enforcement of federal marijuana laws, instead opting for a tougher stance.
  • June 2018: Just last week, Pres. Trump indicated he is willing to loosen the federal blanket ban on marijuana in states where it is legal.
Now You Know

Something To Consider:

  • Pres. Trump did NOT say he will end the federal ban on marijuana.
  • However, he DID say he is willing to support a federal bipartisan bill, which would ease enforcement of the federal ban on marijuana in states where it’s legal.
  • The bill would NOT legalize marijuana on the federal level or force states to take any action.
Now You Know

Po$$ible motivation? Economic Benefits. According to one cannabis analytics firm, sales from medical & recreational cannabis will reach $11.7B in 2018 and $25B in 7 years.

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Quick Quotes

“Trump is playing chicken with China. It will be important and telling to see how this plays out.”

Ray Dalio, founder of hedge fund Bridgewater Associates, on a possible trade war with China. Pres. Trump is threatening $200B in tariffs on Chinese goods, in addition to $50B in tariffs already imposed. Last month, Dalio has said a trade war with China would be a "tragedy."
Quick Quotes

“To watch those families broken apart in real time puts to us a very simple question: are we a nation that accepts the cruelty of ripping children from their parents’ arms, or are we a nation that values families, and works to keep them together?”

Pres. Obama, Facebook, for the first time on U.S. immigration zero-tolerance border policy. His administration cared for unaccompanied children identical to "separated" children now. However, his challenge was children WITHOUT adults - no separation required.
Quick Quotes

“In obedience I accept the decision of The Holy See, that I no longer exercise any public ministry.”

Cardinal Theodore McCormick, former archbishop of Washington, on his removal from ministry after a teenager's sex abuse allegation while he was in New York almost 50 years ago. McCarrick served as D.C.’s archbishop from 2001 to 2006.
Quick Quotes

“…my parents are abusive. They abuse us, and my two little sisters right now are chained up.”

17-year-old daughter of David & Louise Turpin to 911 dispatch. Her parents are accused of holding their 13 children captive in a "house of horrors." Mr. & Mrs. Turpin have pleaded not guilty to more than 40 charges including torture, child abuse & false imprisonment. They are being held on $12M bail each.
Quick Quotes

“It’s mobile first. It’s simple and it’s quality. That’s IGTV.”

Instagram CEO Kevin System announcing its new video hub capable of hosting vertical videos as long as one hour. IGTV, a direct challenge to YouTube, is available now on iPhone & Android devices.
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Now You Know

PHONE OR REMOTE?

In a first — next year, people around the world will spend more time online than watching TV. 

Except in America. For now.

Now You Know

THE FINDINGS

  • In 2019, people around the world, will spend 170.6 mins/day online vs. 170.3 mins/day watching TV.
  • Change happening faster than expected: just last year, data co. Zenith predicted TV would still be #1 in 2019.
  • However, in America, internet usage isn’t expected to top TV until 2020. TVs prolific in 96.5% of American households.
Now You Know

Why it Matters

  • Zenith’s findings cement the fact that globally more people are using phones than ever before with major economic & business ramifications.
  • In fact, online advertisers are expected to outspend TV advertisers by $40B this year & $60B next year.
Now You Know

Earlier this year, Pew Research found about a quarter of Americans are online "almost constantly." Which would be harder for you to give up: your phone or TV? See what most Americans said by clicking here:

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Quick Quotes

“We want a country with heart, but when people come up they have to know they can’t get in. Otherwise, it’s never going to stop.”

President Trump defending his administration's zero-tolerance policy on immigration. Senior Republicans wrote President Trump a letter asking him to pause separation of families "...while Congress works out a solution."
Quick Quotes

“Markets are responding to all of the rhetoric with the trade war. A lot of what we’re seeing may be negotiating tactics, but it’s just going to be a choppy ride due to this concern.”

Greg McBride, chief financial analyst, Bankrate.com, to NPR after the Dow dropped 287 points Tuesday due to concerns over a trade war between USA and China.
Quick Quotes

“a protector of human rights abusers, and a cesspool of political bias.”

U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley describing the U.N. Human Rights Council after withdrawing the U.S. from the 47-member council. She blasted the council for “its chronic bias against Israel” & the fact that its membership includes accused human rights abusers like China, Cuba, Venezuela & Congo.
Quick Quotes

“I couldn’t think of a more fitting change.”

Jason Kamras, Richmond superintendent after the board's vote to change a Virginia school's name to Barack Obama Elementary. The school, which is 90% black, was originally named for Confederate general J.E.B. Stuart.
Quick Quotes

“extensive and damaging sabotage to our operations.”

Elon Musk in an email seen by Reuters discussing an unnamed Tesla employee who was allegedly making unspecified code changes to its manufacturing operating system & sending what the email said was sensitive Tesla data to unnamed third parties. The disgruntled employee was reportedly passed over for a promotion.
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On This Day

Lady Liberty Arrives

June 19, 1885

 

 

The Statue of Liberty arrives into New York Harbor. Although 12M immigrants passed under her gaze, she was delivered (and constructed) years before Ellis Island opened.

On This Day

How Did Liberty Arrive?

  • 350 separate pieces; 214 crates.
  • A decade late. France wanted to gift “Liberty Enlightening the World” for the centennial of the Declaration of Independence (1776). Lack of funds held back production. Eventually both USA/FR raised enough $$ through charity, lottery, donation etc.
Click Here: Newspaper
On This Day

Liberty & Immigration

  • Statue of Liberty fully constructed in 1886; immigration wasn’t sole focus of statue, but celebration of American democracy overall.
  • Ellis Island Immigration Station opened in 1892.
  • Famous Lazarus poem “Give me your tired, your poor” written in 1883 and engraved on base 10 years later in 1903.
On This Day

"Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name Mother of Exiles" READ FULL POEM:

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Quick Quotes

“Illegal actions have and must have consequences. No more free passes, no more get out of jail free cards.”

Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen defending the Trump Administration's "zero-tolerance" border policy while also calling on Congress to fix America's "broken immigration system."
CLICK: SmartHer Facts
Quick Quotes

“Sometimes truth transcends party.”

Former First Lady Michelle Obama on Former First Lady Laura Bush's Washington Post op-ed criticizing the Trump administration's zero-tolerance immigration policy, which demands all adults attempting to cross the border illegally be arrested (thereby separating children from the adults they arrive with).
Quick Quotes

“In defending America, it is not enough to merely have an American presence in space, we must have American dominance in space…. We are going to have the Air Force, and we are going to have the Space Force.”

Pres. Trump directing the Pentagon to establish a 'space force' as the sixth branch of the Armed Forces.
Quick Quotes

“Researchers estimate that birds & mammals harbor anywhere from 631K to 827K unknown viruses that could potentially leap into humans.”

Ed Yong, The Atlantic "The Next Plague Is Coming. Is America Ready?" - A recent case of Plague (spread from rodents to fleas to humans) surfaced in Idaho, raising questions about America's preparedness for worst case scenarios.
CLICK: FULL STORY
Quick Quotes

“I thought it would be a nice way of improving my look well, obviously that all went to hell. I feel bad about it. I apologized for it…. That was a mistake.”

HRH Meghan Markle's father, Thomas Markle, to 'Good Morning Britain' on the infamous staged paparazzi photos he took in the days before the royal wedding. Markle said he agreed to take part in the photos in an attempt to change his image.
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