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On This Day

THE BILL OF RIGHTS

Your freedom of speech & worship weren’t secured with the
birth of America.

Those rights became official
on this day more than
3 years later.

Why The Bill of Rights Matters

On This Day

BACKGROUND:

 The U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1788, established our federal gov’t & dividing power between
fed & state gov’ts
.

The Bill of Rights, written by then-congressman James Madison (who later became our 4th president), was added in 1791 to secure our individual liberties.

On This Day

The Rights

  • 1st Amendment: Freedom of religion, speech & press
  • 2nd Amendment: Bear arms
  • 3rd Amendment: Can’t be forced to house soldiers
  • 4th Amendment: No unreasonable search & seizure
  • 5th Amendment: Can’t be tried twice for same crime or forced to testify against yourself; gov’t must pay if it takes property
On This Day
  • 6th Amendment: Right to a speedy trial & a jury (criminal)
  • 7th Amendment: Right to a jury (civil) in cases over $20+
  • 8th Amendment: No cruel or unusual punishment; no excessive fines or bail
  • 9th Amendment: Individuals have other rights other than those mentioned in 1 – 8
  • 10th Amendment: Rights not given to feds go to states, people
On This Day

On December 15, 1791, the Bill of Rights was ratified. The Constitution has only been amended 27 times, most recently in 1992 - adding one of the original amendments that didn't make the cut in 1791. The 27th Amendment says a sitting Congress can't raise or cut its pay.

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