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You shared your favorite stay-at-home books, movies, recipes and games!
WHAT WE LEARNED TODAY
“You don’t need results of testing to tell you what you should do.”
“…we can change the way respiratory viruses — not only for this, but the future — affect Americans.”
“We will win.”
“This is worse than 9/11.”
"Everything else is going to come back. A life is never going to come back." President Trump on why saving American lives is the number one priority right now, and why all Americans must join together in order to do so. What do you think of the new guidelines?
What exactly happened to the first case of COVID-19 in America?
“Our report of the first confirmed case of 2019-nCoV in the United States illustrates several aspects of this emerging outbreak that are not yet fully understood, including transmission dynamics and the full spectrum of clinical illness.”
“Everyone should know these red-flag symptoms. COVID can turn serious in any age adult. If you’re a healthy adult under 60, the signs and symptoms to seek care are much the same that I would say for the flu – prolonged high fever (104 or higher), chest pain, shortness of breath, lethargy, or inability to drink fluids or urinate.”
“We’re at a critical junction right now, but we can still mitigate this substantially.”
It reportedly took Patient Zero nearly a month to be deemed "fully recovered" and no one in close contact with him is known to have tested positive for the illness. The Seattle area remains one of the hardest hit in the nation.
WHAT WE LEARNED TODAY
“We have not reached our peak… We will see more cases and we will see more suffering and death.”
“If you don’t have to travel, I wouldn’t do it.”
“We don’t want to say the risk is low when we don’t know how low the numbers are for people who are asymptotic.”
“If you are sick, stay home. You’re not going to miss a paycheck.”
“We need your help. Social distancing and mitigation – they’re not to protect the 30-year-old or the 20-year-old from getting coronavirus. They’re to protect your nana.”
What's Next? Treasury secretary Steve Munchkin suggested that other stimulus ideas are on the table, such as a payroll tax cut, refundable tax credits, suspending interest on student loans, and using the strategic oil reserves. WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THE U.S. RESPONSE TO COVID-19?
Why were certain American cities hit brutally hard by the 1918 flu pandemic while others were spared?
“Schools, theaters, churches and dance halls in cities across the country were closed. Kansas City banned weddings and funerals if more than 20 people were to be in attendance. New York mandated staggered shifts at factories to reduce rush hour commuter traffic. Seattle’s mayor ordered his constituents to wear face masks.”
What They Researched: In 2007, the National Institute of Health funded two studies examining the government response to the flu pandemic of 1918.
What They Found: Government intervention (containment/restrictions) worked to help slow the spread of the flu, but the real life-saving factor: how quickly the measures were put in place.
Both St. Louis and Philadelphia put similar measures in place, such as banning large gatherings.
St. Louis put the ban in place 48 hours after first cases emerged.
Philadelphia put the ban in place two weeks after first cases emerged.
“Peak mortality” rates in St. Louis were 1/8 that of Philadelphia.
“… had San Francisco left its controls in place continuously from September 1918 through May 1919, the analysis suggests, the city might have reduced deaths by more than 90 percent.
“… in the event of a severe pandemic, cities will likely need to maintain (non-pharmaceutical interventions) for longer than the 2–8 weeks that was the norm in 1918.”
Researchers said finding precise public measures, their timing and how effective (how many people REALLY followed the guidance) is challenging.
Some cities, like Philadelphia, handled a large influx of soldiers from WWI where others did not. This is one reason for the disease spread – but also a factor for concentrated mortality rates.
"...nonpharmaceutical interventions may buy valuable time at the beginning of a pandemic while a targeted vaccine is being produced.” Dr. Anthony Fauci in 2007 reacting to this study. Dr. Fauci remains the director of NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, helping to lead the national response to COVID-19.
While Americans hunker down at home, four soldiers died abroad in service to the nation.
The swift retaliation and why it matters.
Sunday: Two Marines killed in action during a raid of an ISIS complex in Northern Iraq.
Wednesday: Two U.S. servicemembers + 1 U.K. soldier died during a rocket attack outside of Baghdad. 14 others injured. The U.S. blamed Iranian-backed militias.
“The United States will not tolerate attacks against our people, our interests, or our allies.”
A message from the Defense Dept after the airstrikes Friday morning in Iraq: "These terror groups must cease their attacks on U.S. and coalition forces or face consequences at a time and place of our choosing." Meanwhile, Iran confronts one of the deadliest outbreaks of COVID-19 on the planet.
A closer look at the “emergency powers” invoked by state and local governments in response to COVID-19 as New York enacts a first-of-its-kind “containment zone.”
“The main purpose of declaring a state of emergency is increased flexibility to respond and prevent, as well as to allocate funds where needed.”
Emergency orders allow states & localities to up their preparation efforts
Emergency orders allow state and localities to take preventative measures
NY Gov Cuomo said this about his use of new emergency measures, calling in the National Guard to help with cleaning, food delivery and containment in a suburb of New York City: "It is a dramatic action, but it is the largest cluster in the country."
You’ve heard the warnings…keep your hands off your face to stay healthy.
But how often do you touch your face REALLY?
“I haven’t touched my face in weeks…in weeks! I miss it!”
Study: University of New South Wales observed 26 medical students.
Findings: On average, students touched their faces an average of 23 times per hour or 184 times over an 8-hour period.
Nearly half the face-touches involved contact with a mucous membrane (nose, mouth, eyes).
Study: University of California, Berkeley observed 10 participants (5 men and 5 women) in an office setting for 3 hours doing “office-type work” such as reading or working on a laptop.
Findings: Participants touched their face on average 15.7 times per hour or 125.6 times during an 8-hour period.
Study: National Institutes of Health (NIH) observed 249 people in the Washington D.C. subway and in a city in Brazil to measure how often we touch a “common item” (like a railing or subway pole) and then touch our mouth or nose.
Findings: People touched their faces on average 3.3 – 3.6 times per hour in public where the possibility of hand-washing wasn’t readily available.
“We therefore suggest a shift in the focus of the recommendations issued during outbreaks toward ensuring that individuals understand how self-inoculation occurs and thus avoid touching their faces… Although built on the influenza pandemic experience, this suggestion should be equally relevant for other respiratory pathogens that can be the source of severe outbreaks.”
Researchers suggest reminding people to wash their hands to prevent illness is good, but telling them to stop touching their faces may actually be BETTER during times of respiratory epidemics.
For weeks, you’ve heard a comparison between the new coronavirus and the flu.
The World Health Organization now says that comparison doesn’t work.
“This virus is not SARS. It is not MERS. And it’s not influenza. It is a unique virus with unique characteristics.”
The World Health Organization raised its fatality rate for COVID-19 to 3.4%.
“We don’t even talk about containment for seasonal flu. It’s just not possible. But it’s possible for COVID-19.”
While the WHO says comparisons between flu and COVID-19 don't work well, systems set up to track the flu may be helpful to collect necessary research on the spread of COVID-19. One caveat? Data for the flu, even for different strains, has been collected for decades; We only have about 90 days of COVID-19 data.
America’s latest efforts to prevent & treat the spread of the new coronavirus.
“The ultimate target of the coronavirus is the respiratory tract: your lung. The whole goal of the vaccine is that when this coronavirus comes through your nose, your mouth, into your lung – to prevent it from hitting the target that will infect you. You just want to block it.”
“We urgently need a safe and effective treatment for COVID-19. Although remdesivir has been administered to some patients with COVID-19, we do not have solid data to indicate it can improve clinical outcomes. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial is the gold standard for determining if an experimental treatment can benefit patients.”
“Should hasty decisions lead to products that are not completely safe, people’s faith in vaccines could be damaged. If so, the harm done to the world’s health could rival the worst feared of the Wuhan virus.”
The new coronavirus has
Here’s what a pandemic is…what’s it’s not…and whether the U.S. is ready for one.
“We should not be too eager to declare a pandemic without a careful and clear-minded analysis of the facts.”
The 2019 Global Health Security Index looked at how prepared 195 countries are to prevent, detect, and respond to major infectious disease outbreaks. The results:
“All countries—at all income levels—have major gaps in their capabilities, and they aren’t sufficiently investing in biological preparedness…. The bottom line is that global biological risks are growing—in many cases faster than health systems, security, science, and governments can keep up.”
As the President requests more money for a wall on the southwestern U.S. border, Customs & Border Protection unveils the largest tunnel ever burrowed under it.
29,200 people apprehended attempting to illegally cross the border in January.
That’s 3,600+ fewer than December.
And nearly 19,000 less than last January.
The decrease is due, in part, to fewer family units apprehended.
Last year, at the peak, nearly 133,000 people were apprehended at the southwest border in one month; more than 70% were family units (84,000+) & unaccompanied minors (11,000+).
Last month, 29,200 people were apprehended; 26% were family units (5,000+) or unaccompanied minors (2600+).
While the decrease of border apprehensions Jan 2020 is a dramatic drop from Jan 2019, the difference seems less drastic when comparing it with numbers from prior recent years.
In fact, on average, roughly 30,000 people were apprehended or deemed inadmissable on the southwest border each month between 2015-2018. In 2019, the monthly average more than doubled.
“We’ve seen eight straight months of decline, but as we see from the seizure of the longest-ever tunnel between the U.S. and Mexico and significant drug seizures, much work remains.”
“As efforts to strengthen security on our Southern Border increase, Mexican drug cartels are forced underground to smuggle their deadly drugs into the United States. The sophistication of this tunnel demonstrates the determination and monetary resources of the cartels.”
Pres. Trump wants to reallocate billions of dollars for border wall construction. Today, about 1/3 (654 miles) of the southern border is equipped with barriers. About 1,300 miles has no barrier (not all the terrain allows for a wall).