June 2022 Southwest Border Data

July 17, 2022
A photo of Big Bend area

Another Historic Year

New data shows encounters along the U.S. southwest border for 2022 *so far* have now surpassed last year's total — which had been the highest number of encounters ever recorded.
What To Know & Why It Matters


  • Under the Biden administration, U.S. Customs & Border Protection (CBP) uses the umbrella term "encounters" in its monthly report.

  • This includes many different scenarios "encountered" by CBP agents — such as an individual trying to cross the border illegally, allowed to stay pending pursuit of asylum, or being quickly expelled under a provision re: public health safety during a pandemic (commonly referred to as Title 42).

  • Not all "encounters" lead to arrests, detentions, or expulsions — but some do.

The Numbers ~ June 2022

  • 207,416 encounters along the southwest border: 14% less than May, though still the highest figure recorded for June in 20+ years.

  • About 1 in 4 people had a previous encounter within the past year; CBP says this "higher-than-usual" rate is partly due to the "large number of expulsions during the pandemic."

  • 92,274 (44%) were expelled under Title 42. 115,142 (56%) were processed under immigration law (Title 8) — allowed to stay in the U.S. pursuing asylum, detained or removed w/ no legal basis to remain.

Behind The Numbers

  • Those encountered included: Single adults (68%), individuals traveling as a family unit (25%), unaccompanied children (those 17 and younger traveling alone — 7%).

  • Unaccompanied children encountered increased by 4% after increasing by 21% in May. On average, 752 children were in CBP's custody each day in June.

  • Important To Note: The number of encounters for fiscal year 2022 *so far* has now surpassed last fiscal year's total — which was the highest number of yearly encounters ever recorded (1.7M).

Also in June, a tractor-trailer holding at least 64 Central American migrants was found in San Antonio, TX; 53 of them died due to the extreme heat in what's been described as the deadliest human smuggling incident on U.S. soil. This is just one example of the impact of human smuggling operations along the southern border — which the Dept. of Homeland Security describes as a "billion-dollar criminal enterprise." As roughly 23K CBP officers & agents continue to encounter a historic number of people attempting entry into the U.S. along the southwest border, news surfaced last week that Mexico will invest $1.5 billion towards enhancing border infrastructure from 2022 – 2024.

CBP Releases June 2022 Monthly Operational Update (U.S. Customs and Border Protection)

Southwest Land Border Encounters (An interactive chart from U.S. CBP)

More on the San Antonio Truck Incident (SmartHER News)

President Biden's Meeting With President Obrador of Mexico (SmartHER News)

CBP Releases New Border Numbers May 2022 (SmartHER News)

by Jenna Lee,