Will Red Or White Meat Make You “Blue”?


New study shows white meat is no healthier than red meat when it comes to your cholesterol.


About The Study:

  • Published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
  • 113 participants split into two groups: diets high or low in saturated fats & spent a month eating red (lean beef or pork), white (chicken or turkey) and nonmeat (plant-based) proteins with regular diet periods in btwn.
  • Periodic blood tests measured cholesterol levels.

“When we planned this study, we expected red meat to have a more adverse effect on blood cholesterol levels than white meat, but we were surprised that this was not the case – their effects on cholesterol are identical when saturated fat levels are equivalent.”

Dr. Ronald Krauss, study author, director of atherosclerosis research at the Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, and professor at the University of California at San Francisco.

The Takeaways:

  • Of the three diets examined in the study, only the plant-based diet¬†was associated with healthy blood cholesterol levels.
  • Eating red or white meat impacted LDL (bad) cholesterol the same, even when all groups ate equal levels of saturated fat.
  • Fish, processed meats, & grass-fed beef not included in study.

This small study challenges gov't dietary guidelines promoting white meat as a healthier option to red meat. Red meat consumption has declined in recent years in connection with health concerns.

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